Difference between revisions of "SSL"

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m (SSL range ciphers)
(FIPS SSL Configuration)
Line 203: Line 203:
  
 
= FIPS SSL Configuration =
 
= FIPS SSL Configuration =
 
In systems prior to Fedora 27 (pki-core-10.5.5-1), in order to configure an RSA server, it was necessary to run pkispawn in two separate steps (installation and configuration).
 
 
    Note: In order to configure an ECC server, pkispawn installation/configuration has always been able to be run in a single pass.
 
 
With the completion of https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2855 which altered FIPS ciphers to be the default cipher suite,
 
pkispawn installation/configuration can be run in a single pass regardless of the PKI server being RSA or ECC, and regardless whether or not FIPS has been enabled or disabled.
 
  
 
== RSA Server in FIPS mode ==
 
== RSA Server in FIPS mode ==
Line 268: Line 261:
 
     .../>
 
     .../>
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 +
== Procedure to create a RSA Server in FIPS mode ==
 +
 +
In systems prior to Fedora 27 (pki-core-10.5.5-1), in order to configure an RSA server, it was necessary to run pkispawn in two separate steps (installation and configuration).
 +
 +
With the completion of https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2855 which altered FIPS ciphers to be the default cipher suite,
 +
pkispawn installation/configuration can be run in a single pass, and the same default RSA cipher suite is utilized, regardless of whether or not FIPS has been enabled or disabled.
 +
 +
For systems running Fedora 27 (pki-core-10.5.5-1) or later, the following sample procedure may be used to create a RSA Server in FIPS mode using a software token:
 +
```
 +
Enabling FIPS status:
 +
 +
    (1) dnf install dracut-fips
 +
    (2) reboot
 +
    (3) press 'e' on the grub config menu to 'edit' the selected kernel
 +
    (4) add "fips=1" to the end of the boot line, or when multiple
 +
        disks/partitions are involved (e. g. - "fips=1 boot=/dev/sda1")
 +
    (5) Ctrl-x to boot with fips mode enabled
 +
 +
# sysctl crypto.fips_enabled
 +
crypto.fips_enabled = 1
 +
 +
# script -c "pkispawn -s CA -f /root/pki/ca.cfg -vvv" typescript.ca-rsa-fips-patched
 +
 +
    where 'ca.cfg' contains:
 +
 +
        [DEFAULT]
 +
        pki_admin_password=<password>
 +
        pki_client_pkcs12_password=<password>
 +
        pki_ds_password=<password>
 +
       
 +
        # Optionally keep client databases
 +
        pki_client_database_purge=False
 +
 +
# pki cert-find
 +
 +
Check '<instance>/conf/server.xml':
 +
 +
          sslVersionRangeStream="tls1_1:tls1_2"
 +
 +
          sslRangeCiphers="-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA"
 +
 +
    The following default ciphers should be enabled for RSA servers:
 +
 +
        +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
 +
        +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
 +
        +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
 +
        +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 +
```
  
 
== ECC Server in FIPS mode ==
 
== ECC Server in FIPS mode ==
Line 323: Line 370:
 
     .../>
 
     .../>
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 +
== Procedure to create an ECC Server in FIPS mode ==
 +
 +
In order to configure an ECC server, pkispawn installation/configuration has always been able to be run in a single pass.
 +
 +
With the completion of https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2855 which altered FIPS ciphers to be the default cipher suite,
 +
pkispawn installation/configuration can be run in a single pass, and the same default ECC cipher suite is utilized, regardless of whether or not FIPS has been enabled or disabled.
 +
 +
The following sample procedure may be used to create an ECC Server in FIPS mode using a software token:
 +
```
 +
Enabling FIPS status:
 +
 +
    (1) dnf install dracut-fips
 +
    (2) reboot
 +
    (3) press 'e' on the grub config menu to 'edit' the selected kernel
 +
    (4) add "fips=1" to the end of the boot line, or when multiple
 +
        disks/partitions are involved (e. g. - "fips=1 boot=/dev/sda1")
 +
    (5) Ctrl-x to boot with fips mode enabled
 +
 +
# sysctl crypto.fips_enabled
 +
crypto.fips_enabled = 1
 +
 +
# script -c "pkispawn -s CA -f /root/pki/ca_ecc.cfg -vvv" typescript.ca-ecc-fips-patched
 +
 +
    where 'ca_ecc.cfg' contains:
 +
 +
        [DEFAULT]
 +
        pki_admin_password=<password>
 +
        pki_client_pkcs12_password=<password>
 +
        pki_ds_password=<password>
 +
       
 +
        # Override default RSA Admin parameters with ECC parameters
 +
        pki_admin_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
        pki_admin_key_size=nistp256
 +
        pki_admin_key_type=ecc
 +
       
 +
        # Override default RSA SSL Server parameters with ECC parameters
 +
        pki_sslserver_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
        pki_sslserver_key_size=nistp256
 +
        pki_sslserver_key_type=ecc
 +
       
 +
        # Override default RSA Subsystem parameters with ECC parameters
 +
        pki_subsystem_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
        pki_subsystem_key_size=nistp256
 +
        pki_subsystem_key_type=ecc
 +
       
 +
        # Optionally keep client databases
 +
        pki_client_database_purge=False
 +
       
 +
        [CA]
 +
        # Override default RSA CA Signing parameters with ECC parameters
 +
        pki_ca_signing_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
        pki_ca_signing_key_size=nistp256
 +
        pki_ca_signing_key_type=ecc
 +
        pki_ca_signing_signing_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
       
 +
        # Override default RSA CA OCSP Signing parameters with ECC parameters
 +
        pki_ocsp_signing_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
        pki_ocsp_signing_key_size=nistp256
 +
        pki_ocsp_signing_key_type=ecc
 +
        pki_ocsp_signing_signing_algorithm=SHA256withEC
 +
 +
# pki cert-find
 +
 +
Check '<instance>/conf/server.xml':
 +
 +
          sslVersionRangeStream="tls1_1:tls1_2"
 +
 +
          sslRangeCiphers="-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256"
 +
 +
    The following default ciphers should be enabled for ECC servers:
 +
 +
        +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
 +
        +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
 +
        +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
 +
        +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
 +
        +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 +
```
  
 
= Customizing SSL Configuration =
 
= Customizing SSL Configuration =

Revision as of 04:04, 1 February 2018

Overview

This page describes the SSL configuration used by PKI. The SSL configuration is stored in /var/lib/pki/pki-tomcat/conf/server.xml as part of TomcatJSS configuration.

Default SSL Configuration

By default PKI will use the following SSL configuration.

General configuration

  • Strict ciphers: true
  • Client certificate authentication: want
  • server cert nickname file: /var/lib/pki/pki-tomcat/conf/serverCertNick.conf
  • password file: /var/lib/pki/pki-tomcat/conf/password.conf
  • password class: org.apache.tomcat.util.net.jss.PlainPasswordFile
  • NSS database: /var/lib/pki/pki-tomcat/alias

OCSP

  • OCSP: enabled
  • OCSP responder URL: http://$HOSTNAME:9080/ca/ocsp
  • OCSP responder certificate: ocspSigningCert cert-pki-ca
  • Cache size: 1000
  • Minimum cache entry duration: 60 seconds
  • Maximum cache entry duration: 120 seconds
  • Timeout: 10 seconds

SSL options

  • SSL2: disabled
  • SSL3: disabled
  • TLS: enabled

Note: If the SSL range ciphers parameters are defined, the SSL options parameters will be ignored.

SSL2 ciphers

Disabled:

  • SSL2_RC4_128_WITH_MD5
  • SSL2_RC4_128_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5
  • SSL2_RC2_128_CBC_WITH_MD5
  • SSL2_RC2_128_CBC_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5
  • SSL2_DES_64_CBC_WITH_MD5
  • SSL2_DES_192_EDE3_CBC_WITH_MD5

Enabled: none

SSL3 ciphers

Disabled:

  • SSL3_FORTEZZA_DMS_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • SSL3_FORTEZZA_DMS_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • SSL3_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • SSL3_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL3_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC2_CBC_40_MD5
  • SSL3_FORTEZZA_DMS_WITH_FORTEZZA_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_FIPS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL3_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5
  • TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_56_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA

Enabled:

  • SSL3_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • SSL3_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_FIPS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA

TLS ciphers

Disabled:

  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA

Enabled:

  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA

SSL version range for stream protocols

Minimum: tls1_1 (tls1_0 -> tls1_1 per https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2855)

Maximum: tls1_2

Valid values: ssl3, tls1_0, tls1_1, tls1_2

SSL version range for datagram protocols

Minimum: tls1_1

Maximum: tls1_2

Valid values: tls1_1, tls1_2

SSL range ciphers

RSA Servers

This list defines the SSL ciphers for the above SSL version ranges. This parameter overrides the SSL options parameters above for non-ECC ciphers.

Disabled:

  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA (enabled -> disabled per https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2821)

Enabled:

ECC Servers

Similarly, the following list defines the SSL ciphers for the above SSL version ranges for ECC ciphers.

Disabled:

  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

Enabled:

  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

FIPS SSL Configuration

RSA Server in FIPS mode

In FIPS mode, certain HSMs may require enabling certain SSL ciphers in order to work with PKI CLI and Firefox 34 or older (newer Firefox will not work).

For Thales HSM, enable the following SSL range ciphers for RSA ciphers:

  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (may need to remain enabled in order to talk to the LDAP server during pkispawn installation/configuration)
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (may need to remain enabled in order to talk to the LDAP server during pkispawn installation/configuration)

Disable everything else in SSL range ciphers.

The <Connector> element in server.xml will look like the following:

<Connector
    ...
    sslRangeCiphers="
-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA"
    .../>

Procedure to create a RSA Server in FIPS mode

In systems prior to Fedora 27 (pki-core-10.5.5-1), in order to configure an RSA server, it was necessary to run pkispawn in two separate steps (installation and configuration).

With the completion of https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2855 which altered FIPS ciphers to be the default cipher suite, pkispawn installation/configuration can be run in a single pass, and the same default RSA cipher suite is utilized, regardless of whether or not FIPS has been enabled or disabled.

For systems running Fedora 27 (pki-core-10.5.5-1) or later, the following sample procedure may be used to create a RSA Server in FIPS mode using a software token: ``` Enabling FIPS status:

    (1) dnf install dracut-fips
    (2) reboot
    (3) press 'e' on the grub config menu to 'edit' the selected kernel
    (4) add "fips=1" to the end of the boot line, or when multiple
        disks/partitions are involved (e. g. - "fips=1 boot=/dev/sda1")
    (5) Ctrl-x to boot with fips mode enabled
  1. sysctl crypto.fips_enabled

crypto.fips_enabled = 1

  1. script -c "pkispawn -s CA -f /root/pki/ca.cfg -vvv" typescript.ca-rsa-fips-patched
   where 'ca.cfg' contains:
       [DEFAULT]
       pki_admin_password=<password>
       pki_client_pkcs12_password=<password>
       pki_ds_password=<password>
       
       # Optionally keep client databases
       pki_client_database_purge=False
  1. pki cert-find

Check '<instance>/conf/server.xml':

          sslVersionRangeStream="tls1_1:tls1_2"
          sslRangeCiphers="-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA"
   The following default ciphers should be enabled for RSA servers:
       +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
       +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
       +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
       +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
       +TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
       +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
       +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
       +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
       +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA

```

ECC Server in FIPS mode

In FIPS mode, certain HSMs may require enabling certain SSL ciphers in order to work with PKI CLI and Firefox 34 or older (newer Firefox will not work).

For Thales HSM, enable the following SSL range ciphers for ECC ciphers:

  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

Disable everything else in SSL range ciphers.

The <Connector> element in server.xml will look like the following:

<Connector
    ...
    sslRangeCiphers="
-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256"
    .../>

Procedure to create an ECC Server in FIPS mode

In order to configure an ECC server, pkispawn installation/configuration has always been able to be run in a single pass.

With the completion of https://pagure.io/dogtagpki/issue/2855 which altered FIPS ciphers to be the default cipher suite, pkispawn installation/configuration can be run in a single pass, and the same default ECC cipher suite is utilized, regardless of whether or not FIPS has been enabled or disabled.

The following sample procedure may be used to create an ECC Server in FIPS mode using a software token: ``` Enabling FIPS status:

   (1) dnf install dracut-fips
   (2) reboot
   (3) press 'e' on the grub config menu to 'edit' the selected kernel
   (4) add "fips=1" to the end of the boot line, or when multiple
       disks/partitions are involved (e. g. - "fips=1 boot=/dev/sda1")
   (5) Ctrl-x to boot with fips mode enabled
  1. sysctl crypto.fips_enabled

crypto.fips_enabled = 1

  1. script -c "pkispawn -s CA -f /root/pki/ca_ecc.cfg -vvv" typescript.ca-ecc-fips-patched
   where 'ca_ecc.cfg' contains:
       [DEFAULT]
       pki_admin_password=<password>
       pki_client_pkcs12_password=<password>
       pki_ds_password=<password>
       
       # Override default RSA Admin parameters with ECC parameters
       pki_admin_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
       pki_admin_key_size=nistp256
       pki_admin_key_type=ecc
       
       # Override default RSA SSL Server parameters with ECC parameters
       pki_sslserver_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
       pki_sslserver_key_size=nistp256
       pki_sslserver_key_type=ecc
       
       # Override default RSA Subsystem parameters with ECC parameters
       pki_subsystem_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
       pki_subsystem_key_size=nistp256
       pki_subsystem_key_type=ecc
       
       # Optionally keep client databases
       pki_client_database_purge=False
       
       [CA]
       # Override default RSA CA Signing parameters with ECC parameters
       pki_ca_signing_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
       pki_ca_signing_key_size=nistp256
       pki_ca_signing_key_type=ecc
       pki_ca_signing_signing_algorithm=SHA256withEC
       
       # Override default RSA CA OCSP Signing parameters with ECC parameters
       pki_ocsp_signing_key_algorithm=SHA256withEC
       pki_ocsp_signing_key_size=nistp256
       pki_ocsp_signing_key_type=ecc
       pki_ocsp_signing_signing_algorithm=SHA256withEC
  1. pki cert-find

Check '<instance>/conf/server.xml':

          sslVersionRangeStream="tls1_1:tls1_2"
          sslRangeCiphers="-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,+TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,-TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256"
   The following default ciphers should be enabled for ECC servers:
       +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
       +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,
       +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,
       +TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256,
       +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,
       +TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

```

Customizing SSL Configuration

During Installation

During installation the installer will use the default SSL configuration. Under certain circumstances (e.g. in FIPS mode) the default SSL configuration may not work. To customize the SSL configuration during installation use the Two-Step Installation:

  • Prepare a normal deployment configuration.
  • Add pki_skip_configuration=True to the configuration and run pkispawn.
  • Customize the SSL parameters as needed in /var/lib/pki/pki-tomcat/conf/server.xml
  • Replace pki_skip_configuration=True with pki_skip_installation=True and run pkispawn again.

After Installation

After installation the SSL settings can be customized directly in /var/lib/pki/pki-tomcat/conf/server.xml.

Troubleshooting

References